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Psychological Types by C. G. Jung

Psychological Types (1921)

by C. G. Jung

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588225,875 (4.16)7
One of the most important of Jung's longer works, and probably the most famous of his books, Psychological Types appeared in German in 1921 after a "fallow period" of eight years during which Jung had published little. He called it "the fruit of nearly twenty years' work in the domain of practical psychology," and in his autobiography he wrote: "This work sprang originally from my need to define the ways in which my outlook differed from Freud's and Adler's. In attempting to answer this question, I came across the problem of types; for it is one's psychological type which from the outset determines and limits a person's judgment. My book, therefore, was an effort to deal with the relationship of the individual to the world, to people and things. It discussed the various aspects of consciousness, the various attitudes the conscious mind might take toward the world, and thus constitutes a psychology of consciousness regarded from what might be called a clinical angle." In expounding his system of personality types Jung relied not so much on formal case data as on the countless impressions and experiences derived from the treatment of nervous illnesses, from intercourse with people of all social levels, "friend and foe alike," and from an analysis of his own psychological nature. The book is rich in material drawn from literature, aesthetics, religion, and philosophy. The extended chapters that give general descriptions of the types and definitions of Jung's principal psychological concepts are key documents in analytical psychology.… (more)



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il contenuto
«L’ipotesi che esista una sola psicologia o un solo principio psicologico fondamentale costituisce un’intollerabile tirannia», così Jung a proposito di questa che forse è la sua opera più famosa. Con Tipi psicologici si abbandona la pretesa, ancora radicata in Freud, di concepire la psicologia come scienza esatta, e si riconosce la presenza ineliminabile di un fattore soggettivo. Qui Jung integra la scoperta dell’inconscio con la definizione e la descrizione degli otto tipi psicologici principali. Tipi psicologici è anche un trattato di psicologia, ricco di casi clinici, e una storia del pensiero umano, in cui Jung ricostruisce i conflitti sorti dalla presenza dei due caratteri fondamentali, «apollineo» e «dionisiaco», che hanno dominato lo spirito nella filosofia e nelle arti da Platone a Goethe, da Aristotele a Nietzsche. Qui Jung dispiega tutto il suo fascino di evocatore di miti, personaggi, civiltà scomparse.
  vecchiopoggi | Feb 12, 2016 |
Jung's Psychological Types is an important book for those wishing to understand the different types of personality, ways of thinking, and ways of perceiving the world, that various people have. It is all too easy to view the world only as you would naturally view it yourself, and be completely unaware that other people have fundamentally different ways of thinking, hard wired into them, that are not a result of education, intellectual capacity, or cultural influence. Jung finds and presents evidence for the existence of these types in the great writers of the past, showing that they are essentially common across the globe, and also not merely suitable to describe the facets of the contemporary psyche. Again, I was surprised at the the incisiveness of Jung's observations, and his scientific outlook, which have forced me to take Psychological study seriously, something I wasn't previously inclined to do. This book will help you understand your own not-so-peculiarities better, as well as those of those around you. Well worth reading out of interest, and invaluable I would imagine if you were actually a student of psychology. ( )
  P_S_Patrick | Dec 2, 2009 |
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Author nameRoleType of authorWork?Status
C. G. Jungprimary authorall editionscalculated
Šuvajevs, IgorsTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Tauriņš, RaimondsTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
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Questo volume, uno dei documenti chiave ormai acquisiti della cultura contemporanea, è l'esito conclusivo di vent'anni di studi junghiani nel campo della psicologia pratica. Alla ricerca delle specificità caratteriologiche che indirizzano il rapporto dell'individuo con il mondo, Jung estese le sue indagini nel tempo e nello spazio rivolgendosi alla storia, alla filosofia, all'estetica, alla letteratura, oltre che alla psicopatologia, e giungendo a questa magistrale sistemazione dei due atteggiamenti polari propri di ogni meccanismo psichico singolo e collettivo: l'Introversione e l'Estroversione. E', questa di Jung, inoltre, una riflessione acuta e completa sulla problematica della dualità umana, un'analisi dettagliata e puntuale dell'eterna dialettica tra le nostre opposte tendenze. 
Quest'opera è considerata non solo uno dei testi fondamentali della psicologia junghiana ma anche, per l'acume e per la vastità degli interessi, uno dei principali, ineludibili riferimenti della moderna caratteriologia.
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