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Author photo. F. Scott Fitzgerald Papers, Manuscripts Division, <br>Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections, <br>Princeton University Library <br>(photo courtesy of Princeton University)

F. Scott Fitzgerald Papers, Manuscripts Division,
Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections,
Princeton University Library
(photo courtesy of Princeton University)

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F(rancis) Scott Fitzgerald was born in St. Paul, Minnesota, on September 24, 1896. He was educated at Princeton University and served in the U.S. Army from 1917 to 1919, attaining the rank of second lieutenant. In 1920 Fitzgerald married Zelda Sayre, a young woman of the upper class, and they had a daughter, Frances. Fitzgerald is regarded as one of the finest American writers of the 20th Century. His most notable work was the novel, The Great Gatsby (1925). The novel focused on the themes of the Roaring Twenties and of the loss of innocence and ethics among the nouveau riche. He also made many contributions to American literature in the form of short stories, plays, poetry, music, and letters. Ernest Hemingway, who was greatly influenced by Fitzgerald's short stories, wrote that Fitzgerald's talent was "as fine as the dust on a butterfly's wing." Yet during his lifetime Fitzgerald never had a bestselling novel and, toward the end of his life, he worked sporadically as a screenwriter at motion picture studios in Los Angeles. There he contributed to scripts for such popular films as Winter Carnival and Gone with the Wind. Fitzgerald's work is inseparable from the Roaring 20s. Berenice Bobs Her Hair and A Diamond As Big As The Ritz, are two short stories included in his collections, Tales of the Jazz Age and Flappers and Philosophers. His first novel The Beautiful and Damned was flawed but set up Fitzgerald's major themes of the fleeting nature of youthfulness and innocence, unattainable love, and middle-class aspiration for wealth and respectability, derived from his own courtship of Zelda. This Side of Paradise (1920) was Fitzgerald's first unqualified success. Tender Is the Night, a mature look at the excesses of the exuberant 20s, was published in 1934. Much of Fitzgerald's work has been adapted for film, including Tender is the Night , The Great Gatsby, and Babylon Revisited which was adapted as The Last Time I Saw Paris by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1954. The Last Tycoon, adapted by Paramount in 1976, was a work in progress when Fitzgerald died of a heart attack on December 21, 1940, in Hollywood, California. Fitzgerald is buried in the historic St. Mary's Cemetery in Rockville, Maryland. (Bowker Author Biography) — biography from The Great Gatsby… (more)
The Great Gatsby 67,062 copies, 1,091 reviews
Tender is the Night 12,210 copies, 178 reviews
This Side of Paradise 8,868 copies, 82 reviews
The Beautiful and Damned 5,725 copies, 63 reviews
The Last Tycoon 2,573 copies, 22 reviews
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button 1,720 copies, 85 reviews
Babylon Revisited and Other Stories 1,229 copies, 9 reviews
The Crack-Up 879 copies, 10 reviews
Tales of the Jazz Age 766 copies, 9 reviews
Flappers and Philosophers 693 copies, 14 reviews
The Pat Hobby Stories 418 copies, 2 reviews
The Basil and Josephine Stories 272 copies, 1 review
Six Tales of the Jazz Age 264 copies, 1 review
The Collected Short Stories 168 copies, 1 review
On Booze 167 copies, 6 reviews
Jazz Age Stories {12 stories} 158 copies, 2 reviews
Bits of Paradise 149 copies, 1 review
Magnetism 95 copies, 2 reviews
Taps at Reveille 86 copies, 1 review
May Day 81 copies, 1 review
The Cruise of the Rolling Junk 72 copies, 3 reviews
The Rich Boy 70 copies, 1 review
Gatsby Girls 65 copies
A Short Autobiography 58 copies, 1 review
F Scott Fitzgerald on Writing 56 copies, 1 review
Stories for Summer 54 copies, 2 reviews
Winter Dreams 50 copies, 2 reviews
The Great Gatsby [adapted] 19 copies, 2 reviews
Romanzi 18 copies
Love boat 17 copies
The Ice Palace (Author) 15 copies
Forgotten Fitzgerald 12 copies, 1 review
Poems 1911-1940 10 copies
Selected Short Stories 8 copies, 1 review
Five by Fitzgerald 6 copies, 2 reviews
A New Leaf 5 copies
Crazy Sunday 5 copies
Three Comrades [1938 film] (Screenwriter) 5 copies
Thank You for the Light 5 copies, 1 review
Winterträume 5 copies
Short Stories 4 copies
Parties 4 copies
I racconti 4 copies
Benediction 4 copies
The I.O.U. 3 copies
El pagaré 2 copies, 1 review
An Alcoholic Case 2 copies, 1 review
Noveller 2 copies
The Baby Party {short story} 2 copies, 1 review
The Lees of Happiness (Author) 2 copies
PLAZERAREN GAU ILUNEKOAK 2 copies, 2 reviews
Mr. Icky 1 copy
Entre trois et quatre 1 copy, 1 review
Niño Bien 1 copy
The Dial, Vol. 1. (owner) 1 copy
La longue fuite 1 copy, 1 review
Two Wrongs 1 copy
To Die For 1 copy
Novels 1 copy
The Great Gatsby (Author) 1 copy
No title 1 copy
Az ólomkristály 1 copy, 1 review
The Best American Short Stories of the Century (Contributor) 1,503 copies, 10 reviews
The Art of the Personal Essay (Contributor) 1,290 copies, 8 reviews
The Best American Essays of the Century (Contributor) 727 copies, 4 reviews
The Oxford Book of American Short Stories (Contributor) 707 copies, 2 reviews
Short Story Masterpieces (Contributor) 618 copies, 3 reviews
Americans in Paris: A Literary Anthology (Contributor) 284 copies, 3 reviews
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (Contributor) 263 copies, 4 reviews
The Treasury of American Short Stories (Contributor) 251 copies, 1 review
100 Years of The Best American Short Stories (Contributor) 239 copies, 3 reviews
The Penguin Book of American Short Stories (Contributor) 177 copies, 1 review
Vampires, Wine, and Roses (Contributor) 145 copies, 2 reviews
Black Water 2: More Tales of the Fantastic (Contributor) 145 copies, 3 reviews
The Pocket Book of Modern American Short Stories (Contributor) 138 copies, 2 reviews
The Norton Book of Personal Essays (Contributor) 138 copies, 1 review
American Wits: An Anthology of Light Verse (Contributor) 130 copies, 3 reviews
The Saturday Evening Post Treasury (Contributor) 127 copies
An Anthology of Famous American Stories (Contributor) 127 copies, 1 review
The Great Gatsby [1974 film] (Novel) 125 copies, 2 reviews
Read With Me (Contributor) 125 copies, 2 reviews
Bedtime Stories (Everyman's Pocket Classics) (Contributor) 112 copies, 4 reviews
The Great Gatsby: The Graphic Novel (Contributor) 97 copies, 6 reviews
Great Modern Reading (Contributor) 94 copies, 2 reviews
American Fantastic Tales: Boxed Set (Contributor) 90 copies, 2 reviews
More Stories to Remember, Volume II (Contributor) 90 copies, 1 review
American Short Stories (Contributor, some editions) 87 copies
The Oxford Book of Travel Stories (Contributor) 72 copies, 1 review
The Last Time I Saw Paris [1954 film] (Original book) 70 copies
The Treasury of Science Fiction Classics (Contributor) 69 copies, 1 review
Great Esquire Fiction (Contributor) 67 copies, 1 review
A Treasury of Civil War Stories (Contributor) 65 copies
200 Years of Great American Short Stories (Contributor) 60 copies, 1 review
Reading for Pleasure (Contributor) 49 copies
Art of Fiction (Contributor) 48 copies
Great Classic Stories: 22 Unabridged Classics (Contributor, some editions) 46 copies, 3 reviews
The Oxford Book of Sea Stories (Contributor) 43 copies, 1 review
The Faber Book of Gardens (Contributor) 43 copies, 2 reviews
The Bedside Tales: A Gay Collection (Contributor) 43 copies
A Quarto of Modern Literature (Contributor) 39 copies
Fifty Best American Short Stories 1915-1965 (Contributor) 37 copies, 1 review
The Lucifer Society (Contributor) 36 copies, 1 review
Innocent Merriment: An Anthology of Light Verse (Contributor, some editions) 33 copies
The Great Gatsby [2000 TV movie] (Original novel) 30 copies, 1 review
Short Stories of the Sea (Contributor) 25 copies
Studies in Fiction (Contributor) 22 copies, 1 review
Oz-Story, No. 1 (Author) 18 copies
The Girls from Esquire (Contributor) 18 copies
Love Stories (Contributor) 18 copies
Story to Anti-Story (Contributor) 13 copies
31 Stories (Contributor) 12 copies, 2 reviews
A Cavalcade of Collier's (Contributor) 9 copies
Moderne Amerikaanse verhalen (Contributor) 9 copies
Amerika, Amerika bloemlezing (Contributor) 8 copies
A Treasury of Doctor Stories (Contributor) 8 copies
Great Tales of City Dwellers (Contributor) 8 copies
Tender is the Night [1962 film] (Original book) 6 copies
Bernice Bobs Her Hair [1976 film] (Original book) 6 copies
The Caedmon Short Story Collection (Contributor) 6 copies
Modern American Short Stories (Contributor) 6 copies
The Best from Cosmopolitan (Contributor) 4 copies
Wives and Lovers (Contributor) 3 copies, 1 review
Husbands and Lovers (Contributor) 2 copies, 1 review
Great Tales of the Far West (Contributor) 2 copies
Enjoying Stories (Contributor) 2 copies
The College Short Story Reader (Contributor) 2 copies
Modern Short Stories (Contributor) 2 copies

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Short biography
Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an American novelist, essayist, screenwriter, and short-story writer, although he was best known for his novels depicting the flamboyance and excess of the Jazz Age—a term which he coined. During his lifetime, he published four novels, four collections of short stories, and 164 short stories. Although he temporarily achieved popular success and fortune in the 1920s, Fitzgerald only received wide critical and popular acclaim after his death. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest American writers of the 20th century.

Fitzgerald was born into an upper-middle-class family in St. Paul, Minnesota, but was primarily raised in New York. He attended Princeton University, but due to a failed relationship and a preoccupation with writing, he dropped out in 1917 to join the army. While stationed in Alabama, he fell in love with rich socialite Zelda Sayre. Although she initially rejected him due to his financial situation, Zelda agreed to marry Fitzgerald after he had published the commercially successful This Side of Paradise (1920).

In the 1920s, Fitzgerald frequented Europe, where he was influenced by the modernist writers and artists of the "Lost Generation" expatriate community, particularly Ernest Hemingway. His second novel, The Beautiful and Damned (1922), propelled him into the New York City elite. To maintain his lifestyle during this time, he also wrote several stories for magazines. His third novel, The Great Gatsby (1925), was inspired by his rise to fame and relationship with Zelda. Although it received mixed reviews, The Great Gatsby is now widely praised, with some even labeling it the "Great American Novel". While Zelda was placed at a mental institute for her schizophrenia, Fitzgerald completed his final novel, Tender Is the Night (1934).

Faced with financial difficulties due to the declining popularity of his works, Fitzgerald turned to Hollywood, writing and revising screenplays. After a long struggle with alcoholism, he died in 1940, at the age of 44. A fifth, unfinished novel, The Last Tycoon (1941), was completed by Edmund Wilson and published after Fitzgerald's death.
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