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J. D. Salinger was born in New York City on January 1, 1919. He attended Manhattan public schools, Valley Forge Military Academy in Pennsylvania, and three colleges, but received no degrees. He was from an upper class Jewish family and they lived on the upper west side of Manhattan on Park Avenue. Salinger joined the U. S. Army in 1942 and fought in the D-Day invasion at Normandy as well as the Battle of the Bulge, but suffered a nervous breakdown due to all he had seen and experienced in the war and checked himself into an Army hospital in Germany in 1945. In December 1945, his short story I'm Crazy was published in Collier's. In 1947, his short story A Perfect Day for Bananafish was published in The New Yorker. Throughout his lifetime, he wrote more than 30 short stories and a handful of novellas, which were published in magazines and later collected in works such as Nine Stories, Franny and Zooey, and Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour: An Introduction. The Catcher in the Rye, published in 1951, was his only novel. His last published story, Hapworth 16, 1924, appeared in 1965. He spent the remainder of his years in seclusion and silence in a home in Cornish, New Hampshire. He died of natural causes on January 27, 2010 at the age of 91. Salinger always wanted to write the great American novel; when he succeeded in this with Catcher in the Rye, he was unprepared for the onslaught on privacy issues that this popularity brought on. He never wanted to be in the spotlight and retreated from all contacts he had in New York City. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from The Catcher in the Rye
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The Catcher in the Rye 64,113 copies, 1,022 reviews
Franny and Zooey 13,939 copies, 167 reviews
Nine Stories (Author) 11,017 copies, 102 reviews
Three Early Stories 81 copies, 3 reviews
A Perfect Day for Bananafish 72 copies, 2 reviews
Hapworth 16, 1924 60 copies, 1 review
22 Stories 9 copies
Three Stories 9 copies, 1 review
A Girl I Knew 7 copies
I'm Crazy 7 copies
Go See Eddie 6 copies
Uncle Wiggily in Connecticut 6 copies, 1 review
A Boy in France 5 copies, 1 review
The Stranger 4 copies
Teddy 4 copies
Elaine 4 copies
Blue Melody 3 copies
Franny 3 copies
Zooey 2 copies
Birthday Boy 2 copies
Paula 2 copies, 1 review
1966 1 copy
[No title] 1 copy
Sacrilege 1 copy
Till Esmé 1 copy
Shazaam! 1 copy
50 Great Short Stories (Contributor) 1,081 copies, 9 reviews
Short Story Masterpieces (Contributor) 602 copies, 4 reviews
Fiction Writer's Handbook (Introduction, some editions) 185 copies, 1 review
Stories from The New Yorker, 1950 to 1960 (Contributor) 68 copies, 2 reviews

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Short biography
Jerome David Salinger was an American writer best known for his novel The Catcher in the Rye. Salinger published several short stories in Story magazine in the early 1940s before serving in World War II. In 1948, his critically acclaimed story "A Perfect Day for Bananafish" appeared in The New Yorker, which became home to much of his later work. The Catcher in the Rye was published in 1951 and became an immediate popular success. Salinger's depiction of adolescent alienation and loss of innocence in the protagonist Holden Caulfield was influential, especially among adolescent readers. The novel was widely read and controversial.
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