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2,734 (3,574)657,087 (4.03)40
Fahrenheit 451 [1966 film] (Director; Screenwriter) 122 copies, 5 reviews
The 400 Blows [1959 film] (Director) 117 copies, 5 reviews
Breathless [1960 film] (Screenwriter) 110 copies, 3 reviews
Jules and Jim [1962 film] (Director; Screenwriter) 98 copies, 6 reviews
Correspondence, 1945-1984 73 copies, 1 review
Shoot the Piano Player [1960 film] (Director) 47 copies, 1 review
Jules and Jim [screenplay] 46 copies, 1 review
Le plaisir des yeux 46 copies, 1 review
Day for Night [1973 film] 42 copies, 1 review
The Last Metro [1980 film] (Director/Screenwriter) 35 copies, 3 reviews
The Wild Child 32 copies
Love on the Run [1979 film] (Director/Screenwriter) 27 copies
Small Change 26 copies, 1 review
Letters 25 copies
The Story of Adele H [1975 film] (Director/Screenwriter) 20 copies
Confidentially Yours 20 copies, 1 review
The Bride Wore Black [1968 film] (Director) 20 copies, 3 reviews
The Soft Skin 19 copies
Bed & Board [1970 film] (Director/Screenwriter) 15 copies
Small Change 11 copies, 1 review
Antoine et Colette [1962 film] (Director) 9 copies
Jules and Jim (Introduction, some editions) 409 copies, 9 reviews
Close Encounters of the Third Kind [1977 film] (Actor) 356 copies, 10 reviews
Film: A Montage of Theories (Contributor) 70 copies
Paras elokuvakirja (Contributor) 5 copies
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François Truffaut was one of the most influential figures in film history. He was largely self-taught, but became one of France's leading film critics during the 1950s. His promotion of the "auteur theory" (politique des auteurs) eventually revolutionized film criticism and led to a re-evaluation of the work of Abel Gance, Max Ophuls, Roberto Rossellini, Alfred Hitchcock, Howard Hawks, Nicholas Ray, and others. He and his colleagues at the pioneering French film magazine Cahiers du cinéma developed a more personal, freewheeling vision of filmmaking that achieved world fame as the French New Wave (Nouvelle vague). Truffaut was born on to an unmarried mother, a circumstance that would shape much of his life and work. He was taken in by his maternal grandparents. In 1933, his mother married Roland Truffaut, an architectural draftsman, who adopted young François, but he didn't live with them until 1939. Many details from his childhood, freely reworked, can be found in Truffaut's semi-autobiographical debut film, Les 400 Coups (The 400 Blows, 1960). As a teenager, he joined various film clubs and societies, where he earned a reputation for his outspoken opinions on films and directors. He was befriended by older intellectuals and cultural figures such as André Bazin, Louise de Vilmorin, and Jean Cocteau. In 1950, Truffaut got a job as a society reporter for Elle magazine and quickly established a reputation as a film critic. Through his work at Cahiers du cinéma and his frequent attendance of screenings at the Cinématheque Française headed by Henri Langlois, Truffaut became friends with other young critics who eventually became leading filmmakers of the French New Wave. During the late 1950s and early 1960s, the peak of the New Wave, Truffaut created and directed a brilliant series of films. In the 1970s, he made other notable films, especially his homage to moviemaking Day for Night (1973), which won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Film. The Last Metro (1980), a portrayal of complicated moral choices during the Occupation, received 10 Césars, including Best Picture. In 1981, he published the book Les Films de ma vie (Films in my life); his correspondance was translated and published posthumously in 1988. In 1983, Truffaut was diagnosed with a brain tumor and died at age 52.
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