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Toni Morrison (1931–2019)

Author of Beloved

91+ Works 82,281 Members 1,542 Reviews 363 Favorited

About the Author


Works by Toni Morrison

Beloved (1987) 22,927 copies
The Bluest Eye (1970) 13,498 copies
Song of Solomon (1977) 10,876 copies
Sula (1973) 7,686 copies
Jazz (1992) 4,995 copies
Paradise (1997) 4,904 copies
A Mercy (2008) 3,513 copies
Tar Baby (1981) 2,907 copies
Love (2003) 2,404 copies
Home (2012) 1,562 copies
God Help the Child (2015) 1,263 copies
Recitatif: A Story (1983) — Author — 366 copies
The origin of others (2017) 359 copies
The Big Box (1999) 315 copies
Peeny Butter Fudge (2008) 223 copies
The Book of Mean People (2002) 118 copies
Please, Louise (2014) 105 copies
Little Cloud and Lady Wind (2010) 67 copies
Race (2017) 60 copies
The Tortoise or the Hare? (2010) — Author — 58 copies
The Ant or the Grasshopper? (Who's Got Game?) (2003) — Author — 49 copies
Seven Contemporary Short Novels [Third Edition] (1997) — Contributor — 40 copies
11: Witnessing The World Trade Center, 1974-2001 (2002) — Contributor: essay — 25 copies
Sweetness 9 copies
The Bluest Eye (Abridged) (2000) 7 copies
Beloved [abridged audio] (1998) 3 copies
Najplavlje oko 2 copies
Ötekilerin Kökeni (2019) 2 copies
Preaiubita 2 copies
Tanri Cocugu Korusun (2016) 1 copy
Romanzi (2018) 1 copy
The Mirror or the Glass? (Who's Got Game?) (2004) — Author — 1 copy
2000 1 copy
2007 1 copy

Associated Works

The Radiance of the King (1954) — Introduction, some editions — 348 copies
The Black Book: 35th Anniversary Edition (2019) — Foreword — 147 copies
Black Women Writers at Work (1983) — Contributor — 129 copies
The Collected Poems of Lucille Clifton 1965-2010 (2012) — Foreword — 124 copies
Black on White: Black Writers on What It Means to Be White (1998) — Contributor — 119 copies
The Penguin Book of Women's Humour (1996) — Contributor — 119 copies
Leaving Home: Stories (1997) — Contributor — 117 copies
Deep Down: The New Sensual Writing by Women (1988) — Contributor — 116 copies
Little (1995) — Preface — 109 copies
Norton Introduction to the Short Novel (1982) — Contributor, some editions — 99 copies
The Matter of Black Lives: Writing from The New Yorker (2021) — Contributor — 92 copies
Skin Deep: Black Women and White Women Write About Race (1602) — Contributor — 91 copies
Tenderheaded: A Comb-Bending Collection of Hair Stories (2001) — Contributor — 91 copies
Black Women Writers (1950-1980): A Critical Evaluation (1984) — Contributor — 79 copies
Critical White Studies: Looking Behind the Mirror (1997) — Contributor — 57 copies
The Harlem book of the dead (1978) — Foreword — 36 copies
The Good Parts: The Best Erotic Writing in Modern Fiction (2000) — Contributor — 34 copies
I Hear a Symphony: African Americans Celebrate Love (1994) — Contributor — 33 copies
Confirmation: An Anthology of African American Women (1983) — Contributor — 22 copies
Nobel Writers on Writing (2000) — Contributor — 14 copies
The Black photographers annual (1972) — Foreword — 9 copies
Race Traitor 10 (1999) — Contributor — 4 copies
The Analog Sea Review: Number Four (2022) — Contributor — 4 copies
Honey and Rue [sound recording] (1995) — Author — 2 copies
Erotiske fortællinger fortalt af kvinder (1996) — Author, some editions — 2 copies
Between Paradise & Earth: Eve Poems (2023) — Contributor — 1 copy


1001 (249) 1001 books (245) 20th century (773) African American (2,506) African American literature (507) African Americans (330) African-American Literature (426) America (275) American (832) American fiction (239) American literature (1,278) anthology (184) classic (404) classics (475) contemporary fiction (225) essays (403) family (288) fiction (9,255) ghosts (302) historical (192) historical fiction (993) history (192) literary fiction (273) literature (1,376) magical realism (310) Nobel Prize (462) non-fiction (367) novel (1,727) Ohio (288) own (429) Pulitzer Prize (281) race (859) racism (651) read (828) slavery (1,072) to-read (3,769) Toni Morrison (443) unread (460) USA (527) women (454)

Common Knowledge

Legal name
Morrison, Chloe Anthony Wofford
Other names
Wofford, Chloe Ardelia (birth name)
Date of death
Lorain, Ohio, USA
Place of death
New York, New York, USA
Cause of death
Places of residence
Washington, D.C., USA
Ithaca, New York, USA
Houston, Texas, USA
Syracuse, New York, USA
New York, New York, USA
Albany, New York, USA (show all 7)
Princeton, New Jersey, USA
Howard University (BA, English, 1953)
Cornell University (MA, American Literature, 1955)
university professor
literary editor
Morrison, Slade (son)
Brown, Sterling Allen (professor)
Polite, Carlene Hatcher (cousin)
Random House
Princeton University
Awards and honors
National Book Award, Medal of Distinguished Contribution to American Letters (1996)
Nobel Prize (1993)
National Humanities Medal (2000)
Norman Mailer Prize (2009)
Jefferson Lecture (1996)
American Academy of Arts and Letters (1981) (show all 10)
Charles Eliot Norton Professorship of Poetry (2016)
PEN/Saul Bellow Award for Achievement in American Fiction (2016)
Presidential Medal of Freedom (2012)
Carl Sandburg Literary Award (2010)
Amanda Urban (ICM)
William Loverd
Short biography
Chloe Anthony Wofford Morrison (born Chloe Ardelia Wofford; February 18, 1931 – August 5, 2019), known as Toni Morrison, was an American novelist, essayist, book editor, and college professor. Her first novel, The Bluest Eye, was published in 1970. The critically acclaimed Song of Solomon (1977) brought her national attention and won the National Book Critics Circle Award. In 1988, Morrison won the Pulitzer Prize for Beloved (1987); she gained worldwide recognition when she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993.

Born and raised in Lorain, Ohio, Morrison graduated from Howard University in 1953 with a B.A. in English. In 1955, she earned a master's in American Literature from Cornell University. In 1957 she returned to Howard University, was married, and had two children before divorcing in 1964. In the late 1960s, she became the first black female editor in fiction at Random House in New York City. In the 1970s and 1980s, she developed her own reputation as an author, and her perhaps most celebrated work, Beloved, was made into a 1998 film.

In 1996, the National Endowment for the Humanities selected her for the Jefferson Lecture, the U.S. federal government's highest honor for achievement in the humanities. Also that year, she was honored with the National Book Foundation's Medal of Distinguished Contribution to American Letters. On May 29, 2012, President Barack Obama presented Morrison with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 2016, she received the PEN/Saul Bellow Award for Achievement in American Fiction.



Thornwillow Press - Song of Solomon in Fine Press Forum (March 2023)
Group Read: “Paradise” by Toni Morrison in 75 Books Challenge for 2021 (March 2021)
Toni Morrison in Legacy Libraries (November 2020)
March Group Read: Beloved by Toni Morrison in 2015 Category Challenge (April 2015)
Group Read, January 2015: Sula in 1001 Books to read before you die (January 2015)
Toni Morrison- American Author Challenge in 75 Books Challenge for 2014 (May 2014)
Group Read - Beloved in The 11 in 11 Category Challenge (September 2011)


I don't even know where to begin. Brutal...yet beautiful. I'll probably never forget this one.
milbourt | 238 other reviews | May 11, 2024 |
Stunning, thought-provoking book, more of a short story at forty pages, featuring two young girls who befriend each other in a shelter. One is black and one is white and which is which is inconclusive.
featherbooks | 21 other reviews | May 7, 2024 |
It is a beautifully written book about the return of a young man from the Korean "Conflict" to his Georgia home, from the American Army to the segregation of the USA, a perfect Memorial Day read. His Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is in full flower and his coping mechanisms at low ebb as he crosses the country from discharge in Seattle to his Georgia town. I found something wanting in the tale, perhaps character development? I'm not sure. The plot was credible although the evil doctor seemed tacked on at the end and his work shrouded in haziness and the disloyalty of Sarah continuing to work for him as his victims passed through troubled me.… (more)
featherbooks | 76 other reviews | May 7, 2024 |


2024 (1)
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2023 (1)
hopes (1)
1990s (1)
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1980s (2)
AP Lit (4)
1970s (3)
100 (1)
Read (1)


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Pascal Lemaître Illustrator
Claudia Brodsky Lacour Contributor, Editor
Joe Cepeda Illustrator
Giselle Potter Illustrator
Shadra Strickland Illustrator
Rokia Traoré Lyricist
Carson McCullers Contributor
Philip Roth Contributor
Jr. Kurt Vonnegut Contributor
Jerzy Kosiński Contributor
Margaret Atwood Contributor
Saul Bellow Contributor
Robert Pledge Editor, epilogue
André Previn Composer
Samuel Barber Composer
Wahneema Lubiano Contributor
Aesop Creator
Andrew Ross Contributor
Michael Thelwell Contributor
Nellie Y. McKay Contributor
Cornel West Contributor
Carol M. Swain Contributor
Christine Stansell Contributor
Paula Giddings Contributor
Kendall Thomas Contributor
Homi K. Bhabha Contributor
Nell Irvin Painter Contributor
Kimberlé Crenshaw Contributor
Manning Marable Contributor
Gayle Pemberton Contributor
Carolyn C. Denard Editor, introduction
Ed Park Contributor
Francine Prose Contributor
Russell Banks Contributor
Salman Rushdie Contributor
Pico Iyer Contributor
David Grossman Contributor
Nadine Gordimer Contributor
John Updike Contributor
Paul Auster Contributor
Orhan Pamuk Contributor
Zadie Smith Introduction, Foreword
Linda Y. Yueh Contributor
David Roediger Contributor
Drucilla Cornell Contributor
Ann DuCille Contributor
Kimberlé Crenshaw Contributor
Ishmael Reed Contributor
Leola Johnson Contributor
George Lipsitz Contributor
Nikol G. Alexander Contributor
Armond White Contributor
Sean Qualls Illustrator
Peter Sellars Foreword
Frank Fournier Photographer
Fred George Photographer
Minoru Yamasaki Contributor: essay
Annie Leibovitz Photographer
Fuyong Zhang Photographer
Jane Evelyn Atwood Photographer
Alan Reininger Photographer
David Burnett Photographer
Kenneth Jarecke Photographer
Lori Grinker Photographer
Peter B. Kaplan Photographer
Sean Hemmerle Photographer
Pascal Lemaitre Illustrator
Nettie Vink Translator
Lynne Thigpen Narrator
W.A. Dorsman-Vos Translator
Franca Cavagnoli Translator
A.S. Byatt Introduction
Bessel Dekker Translator
Giuseppe Natale Translator
Helga Pfetsch Translator
Ruby Dee Narrator
Kerstin Hallén Translator
Luisa Balacco Translator
Júlia Lázár Translator
Coustè Alberto Introduction
Mireia Bofill Translator
Helmut Schneider Contributor
Thomas Pilz Translator
Sylviane Rué Translator
Angela Praesent Übersetzer
Reynolds Price Introduction
Ronald Beek Translator
Jean Guiloineau Traduction
Piet Verhagen Translator
Carmen Criado Translator
Martha Kaplan Author Photo
Pierre Alien Translator
Wendell Minor Cover artist
Owen Wood Cover artist
James L. McGuire Photographer
Karin Polz Translator
Bodil Engen Translator
Ernest Riera Translator
Toni Parks Photographer
Jody Hewgill Cover artist
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Thomas Piltz Übersetzer
Kris Potter Cover designer


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