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Born in an old Mississippi family, William Faulkner made his home in Oxford, seat of the University of Mississippi. After the fifth grade he went to school only off and on-lived, read, and wrote much as he pleased. In 1918, refusing to enlist with the "Yankees," he joined the Canadian Air Force, and was transferred to the British Royal Air Force. After the war he studied a little at the University, did house painting, worked as a night superintendent at a power plant, went to New Orleans and became a friend of Sherwood Anderson, then to Europe and back home to Oxford. By this time he had written two novels. The Sound and the Fury followed in 1929. Financial success came with Sanctuary in 1931, which he assisted in filming. Faulkner 's novels are intense in their character portrayals of disintegrating Southern aristocrats, poor whites, and African Americans. A complex stream-of-consciousness rhetoric often involves Faulkner in lengthy sentences of anguished power. Most of his tales are set in the mythical Yoknapatawpha County, Mississippi, and are characterized by the use of many recurring characters from families of different social levels spanning more than a century. His best subjects are the old, dying South and the newer materialistic South. As I Lay Dying (1930), is a grotesquely tragicomic story about a family of poor southern whites. With Absalom, Absalom! (1936); the difficult parts of his famous short novel "The Bear" (published in Go Down, Moses, 1942); and the allegorical A Fable (1954), a non-Yoknapatawpha novel set in France during World War I; Faulkner returned to an innovative and difficult style that most readers have trouble with. Yet, interspersed among such works are collections of easily read stories originally published in popular magazines. There seems to be a growing sentiment among critics that the Snopes trilogy-The Hamlet (1940), The Town (1957), and The Mansion (1959)-for the most part an example of Faulkner's "moderate" style, could well be among his most important works. Faulkner was awarded the 1949 Nobel Prize for literature "for his powerful and artistically independent contribution to the new American novel," but it would appear now that he also deserved to win that honor for his contribution to world literature. When reporting his death, the Boston Globe quoted Faulkner's having once told an interviewer: "Since man is mortal, the only immortality for him is to leave something behind him that is immortal since it will always move. That is the artist's way of scribbling "Kilroy was here" on the wall of the final and irrevocable oblivion through which he must some day pass." In addition to the Nobel Prize, Faulkner received the Howells Medal of the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1950, and in 1951 he was given the National Book Award for his Collected Stories Collected Stories. For his novel A Fable he received the National Book Award for the second time, as well as the Pulitzer Prize in 1955. The Reivers (1962) was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1963. In 1957 and 1958, he was the University of Virginia's first writer-in-residence, and in January 1959 he accepted an appointment as consultant on contemporary literature to the Alderman Library of that university. Although Faulkner was not without honors in his lifetime and has received world recognition since then, it is surprising to learn that, when Malcolm Cowley edited The Portable Faulkner in 1946, he found that almost all of Faulkner's books were out of print. By arranging selections from the works to form a continuous chronicle, Cowley deserves much of the credit for making readers aware of the way in which Faulkner was creating a fictive world on a scale grander than that of any novelist since Balzac. William Faulkner died in Oxford, Mississippi, in 1962. (Bowker Author Biography) — biography from The Sound and the Fury… (more)
Disambiguation Notice

This is not the same person as William Falkner (d. 1682), English theologian. Do not combine the two.

The Sound and the Fury 16,759 copies, 221 reviews
As I Lay Dying 14,360 copies, 212 reviews
Light in August 8,959 copies, 101 reviews
Absalom, Absalom! 7,437 copies, 107 reviews
Sanctuary 3,640 copies, 41 reviews
Go Down, Moses 3,232 copies, 35 reviews
The Reivers 2,233 copies, 30 reviews
Intruder in the Dust 2,033 copies, 32 reviews
The Unvanquished (Author) 1,909 copies, 15 reviews
The Hamlet 1,768 copies, 18 reviews
The Wild Palms 1,261 copies, 14 reviews
A Fable 828 copies, 9 reviews
The Town (Author) 693 copies, 6 reviews
The Mansion (Author) 690 copies, 2 reviews
Soldiers' Pay 675 copies, 12 reviews
Requiem for a Nun 620 copies, 3 reviews
Sartoris 606 copies, 4 reviews
Mosquitoes 534 copies, 9 reviews
Pylon 499 copies, 6 reviews
Knight's Gambit 455 copies, 8 reviews
Flags in the Dust (Author) 412 copies, 11 reviews
The Portable Faulkner (Author) 269 copies, 4 reviews
New Orleans Sketches 203 copies, 1 review
Big Woods: The Hunting Stories 197 copies, 2 reviews
A Rose for Emily {Tale Blazers} 160 copies, 5 reviews
The Wishing Tree 151 copies, 4 reviews
The Bear 123 copies, 4 reviews
Sanctuary and Requiem for a Nun (Author) 121 copies, 1 review
These Thirteen 71 copies
The Old Man 65 copies, 5 reviews
Barn Burning 57 copies, 2 reviews
A Rose for Emily {story} 42 copies, 1 review
Mayday 35 copies
Father Abraham 31 copies
A Rose for Emily {book} 25 copies, 2 reviews
Dry September 23 copies, 12 reviews
Faulkner : Oeuvres romanesques, tome 1 (Author) 23 copies, 1 review
21 Essential American Short Stories (Contributor) 21 copies, 1 review
The Essential Faulkner (Author) 16 copies, 1 review
Una rosa per Emily (Author) 15 copies, 1 review
Barn Burning {story} (Author) 14 copies
A Green Bough 13 copies
The William Faulkner Audio Collection (Author) 13 copies, 1 review
That Evening Sun {story} 12 copies, 2 reviews
Stories from six authors (Contributor) 11 copies, 1 review
Barn Burning and Other Stories (Author) 10 copies, 1 review
Noveller 10 copies
The Marionettes 10 copies
Red Leaves: Stories (Author) 10 copies, 1 review
Land of the Pharaohs [1955 film] (Screenwriter) 9 copies, 1 review
Privacy 8 copies
Spotted Horses 8 copies, 1 review
Turnabout 8 copies
Sanctuary / Light in August (Author) 8 copies, 1 review
Two Soldiers 8 copies
As I Lay Dying [2013 film] (Author) 7 copies
Wash 7 copies
Lo! 7 copies
Red Leaves {story} (Author) 5 copies
romanzi 5 copies
Rose for Emily and Wash (Author) 5 copies
Nouvelles 4 copies
A Justice 4 copies
Ad Astra 4 copies
2 3 copies
Yenilmeyenler 3 copies
Strange Love 3 copies
Honor 3 copies
Stary 3 copies
The Broach 3 copies
A Courtship 3 copies
Elly 3 copies
Mirrors of Chartres Street 3 copies, 1 review
A Bear Hunt 3 copies
Tomorrow 2 copies
Faulkner 2 copies
The Hill 2 copies
Carcassonne (Author) 2 copies
Salmagundi 2 copies
Evangeline (Author) 2 copies
Hair 2 copies
Mississippi 2 copies
A Aldeia 2 copies
Koy 2 copies
Fox Hunt 2 copies
Golden Land 2 copies
Victory 2 copies
The Leg 2 copies
Mistral 2 copies
Death Drag 2 copies
Crevasse 2 copies
Beyond 2 copies
The Tall Men 2 copies
Snobovi 1 copy
Zascianek 1 copy
Wielki las 1 copy
Rezydencja 1 copy
Smasogur 1 copy
"Hair" 1 copy
DUMAN 1 copy
TYMI 1 copy
Smásögur 1 copy
The Waifs 1 copy
Old Man [1997 TV movie] (Author) 1 copy
Fumo 1 copy
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Amerikaanse verhalen (Contributor) 1 copy
The Hound 1 copy
Opere 1 copy
El villorrio 1 copy, 1 review
Elmer 1 copy
Mektuplar 1 copy
2003 1 copy
Duman 1 copy
The Best American Short Stories of the Century (Contributor) 1,533 copies, 10 reviews
50 Great Short Stories (Contributor) 1,196 copies, 7 reviews
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (Contributor, some editions) 897 copies, 7 reviews
My Mistress's Sparrow Is Dead (Contributor) 747 copies, 20 reviews
The Oxford Book of American Short Stories (Contributor) 722 copies, 3 reviews
The Dark Descent (Contributor) 694 copies, 13 reviews
Short Story Masterpieces (Contributor) 651 copies, 3 reviews
The Oxford Book of Gothic Tales (Contributor) 523 copies, 6 reviews
The Oxford Book of Short Stories (Contributor) 500 copies, 4 reviews
Great American Short Stories (Contributor) 483 copies, 2 reviews
The Best American Mystery Stories of the Century (Contributor) 441 copies, 7 reviews
American Gothic Tales (Contributor) 434 copies, 5 reviews
Fifty Great American Short Stories (Contributor) 414 copies, 3 reviews
Best Short Stories of the Modern Age (Contributor, some editions) 333 copies, 4 reviews
Americans in Paris: A Literary Anthology (Contributor) 292 copies, 3 reviews
A Treasury of Short Stories (Contributor) 286 copies
Six Great Modern Short Novels (Contributor) 270 copies, 2 reviews
The Treasury of American Short Stories (Contributor) 262 copies, 1 review
100 Years of The Best American Short Stories (Contributor) 260 copies, 3 reviews
The Big Sleep [1946 film] (Screenwriter) 257 copies, 3 reviews
Arbor House Treasury of Horror and the Supernatural (Contributor) 193 copies, 2 reviews
The Penguin Book of American Short Stories (Contributor) 184 copies, 1 review
To Have and Have Not [1944 film] (Writer, some editions) 179 copies, 7 reviews
This Is My Best (Contributor) 177 copies
Sixteen Short Novels (Contributor) 171 copies
Murder & Other Acts of Literature (Contributor) 145 copies, 2 reviews
The Penguin Book of Horror Stories (Contributor) 138 copies, 2 reviews
The Pocket Book of Modern American Short Stories (Contributor) 138 copies, 2 reviews
The Saturday Evening Post Treasury (Contributor) 131 copies, 1 review
An Anthology of Famous American Stories (Contributor) 130 copies, 1 review
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Norton Introduction to the Short Novel (Contributor) 97 copies, 1 review
Great Modern Reading (Contributor) 96 copies, 2 reviews
More Stories to Remember, Volume II (Contributor) 93 copies, 1 review
American Short Stories (Contributor, some editions) 90 copies
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Great Stories by Nobel Prize Winners (Contributor) 70 copies, 1 review
200 Years of Great American Short Stories (Contributor) 64 copies, 1 review
The Medusa In The Shield (Dark Descent) (Contributor) 63 copies, 1 review
Gunga Din [1939 film] (Contributor) 57 copies, 1 review
65 Great Tales of Horror (Contributor) 56 copies
The Penguin Classic Crime Omnibus (Contributor) 53 copies
Art of Fiction (Contributor) 50 copies
The Oxford Book of Sea Stories (Contributor) 50 copies, 1 review
Reading for Pleasure (Contributor) 49 copies
Eleven Modern Short Novels (Contributor) 49 copies, 1 review
The Experience of the American Woman (Contributor) 46 copies
Masters of the Modern Short Story (Contributor) 44 copies
The Bedside Tales: A Gay Collection (Contributor) 43 copies
The Lucifer Society (Contributor) 39 copies, 1 review
A Quarto of Modern Literature (Contributor) 38 copies
Southern Dogs and Their People (Contributor) 38 copies
Fifty Best American Short Stories 1915-1965 (Contributor) 35 copies, 1 review
Tales of Terror (Contributor) 34 copies, 1 review
The Vintage Book of Classic Crime (Contributor) 33 copies
Ten Modern Short Novels (Contributor) 26 copies
Short Stories of the Sea (Contributor) 25 copies
Great Short Stories of the World (Contributor) 23 copies
Studies in Fiction (Contributor) 22 copies, 1 review
Tales of Dungeons and Dragons (Contributor) 22 copies
The Best Horror Stories (Contributor; Contributor) 21 copies
Short Stories II (Contributor) 18 copies
A Treasury of Sea Stories (Contributor) 18 copies
The Best American Short Stories 1966 (Contributor) 16 copies
Nine Short Novels (Contributor) 16 copies
The Tarnished Angels [1957 film] (Original book) 15 copies, 1 review
All verdens fortellere (Contributor, some editions) 15 copies, 1 review
Air Force [1943 film] (Screenwriter) 15 copies, 1 review
Modern American Short Stories (Contributor) 15 copies
Mississippi Writers: An Anthology (Contributor) 14 copies
Nobel Writers on Writing (Contributor) 14 copies
Twenty-Nine Stories (Contributor) 13 copies
The Story Pocket Book (Contributor) 13 copies
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Fiction Goes to Court (Contributor) 8 copies
Modern American Short Stories (Contributor) 7 copies
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Strange Desires (Contributor) 5 copies
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Twenty-Three Modern Stories (Contributor) 4 copies
American Short Stories (Contributor) 3 copies, 1 review
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Best Crime Stories (Contributor) 3 copies
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Strange Barriers (Contributor) 2 copies
Modern Short Stories (Contributor) 2 copies
Enjoying Stories (Contributor) 2 copies
El cuento literario (Contributor) 2 copies
A Magnum of Mysteries (Contributor) 2 copies
Sanctuary [1961 film] (Original novel) 1 copy
Modern Short Stories (Contributor) 1 copy
Modern American short stories (Contributor) 1 copy
Introduction to Fiction (Contributor) 1 copy
15 Great Stories of Today (Contributor) 1 copy

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Short biography
William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was an American writer and Nobel Prize laureate from Oxford, Mississippi. Faulkner wrote novels, short stories, screenplays, poetry, essays, and a play. He is primarily known for his novels and short stories set in the fictional Yoknapatawpha County, based on Lafayette County, Mississippi, where he spent most of his life.

Faulkner is one of the most celebrated writers in American literature generally and Southern literature specifically. Though his work was published as early as 1919 and largely during the 1920s and 1930s, Faulkner's renown reached its peak upon the publication of Malcolm Cowley's The Portable Faulkner and his 1949 Nobel Prize in Literature, making him the only Mississippi-born Nobel winner. Two of his works, A Fable (1954) and his last novel The Reivers (1962), each won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. In 1998, the Modern Library ranked his 1929 novel The Sound and the Fury sixth on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century; also on the list were As I Lay Dying (1930) and Light in August (1932). Absalom, Absalom! (1936) appears on similar lists.
Disambiguation notice
This is not the same person as William Falkner (d. 1682), English theologian. Do not combine the two.

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