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Born in an old Mississippi family, William Faulkner made his home in Oxford, seat of the University of Mississippi. After the fifth grade he went to school only off and on-lived, read, and wrote much as he pleased. In 1918, refusing to enlist with the "Yankees," he joined the Canadian Air Force, and was transferred to the British Royal Air Force. After the war he studied a little at the University, did house painting, worked as a night superintendent at a power plant, went to New Orleans and became a friend of Sherwood Anderson, then to Europe and back home to Oxford. By this time he had written two novels. The Sound and the Fury followed in 1929. Financial success came with Sanctuary in 1931, which he assisted in filming. Faulkner 's novels are intense in their character portrayals of disintegrating Southern aristocrats, poor whites, and African Americans. A complex stream-of-consciousness rhetoric often involves Faulkner in lengthy sentences of anguished power. Most of his tales are set in the mythical Yoknapatawpha County, Mississippi, and are characterized by the use of many recurring characters from families of different social levels spanning more than a century. His best subjects are the old, dying South and the newer materialistic South. As I Lay Dying (1930), is a grotesquely tragicomic story about a family of poor southern whites. With Absalom, Absalom! (1936); the difficult parts of his famous short novel "The Bear" (published in Go Down, Moses, 1942); and the allegorical A Fable (1954), a non-Yoknapatawpha novel set in France during World War I; Faulkner returned to an innovative and difficult style that most readers have trouble with. Yet, interspersed among such works are collections of easily read stories originally published in popular magazines. There seems to be a growing sentiment among critics that the Snopes trilogy-The Hamlet (1940), The Town (1957), and The Mansion (1959)-for the most part an example of Faulkner's "moderate" style, could well be among his most important works. Faulkner was awarded the 1949 Nobel Prize for literature "for his powerful and artistically independent contribution to the new American novel," but it would appear now that he also deserved to win that honor for his contribution to world literature. When reporting his death, the Boston Globe quoted Faulkner's having once told an interviewer: "Since man is mortal, the only immortality for him is to leave something behind him that is immortal since it will always move. That is the artist's way of scribbling "Kilroy was here" on the wall of the final and irrevocable oblivion through which he must some day pass." In addition to the Nobel Prize, Faulkner received the Howells Medal of the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1950, and in 1951 he was given the National Book Award for his Collected Stories Collected Stories. For his novel A Fable he received the National Book Award for the second time, as well as the Pulitzer Prize in 1955. The Reivers (1962) was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1963. In 1957 and 1958, he was the University of Virginia's first writer-in-residence, and in January 1959 he accepted an appointment as consultant on contemporary literature to the Alderman Library of that university. Although Faulkner was not without honors in his lifetime and has received world recognition since then, it is surprising to learn that, when Malcolm Cowley edited The Portable Faulkner in 1946, he found that almost all of Faulkner's books were out of print. By arranging selections from the works to form a continuous chronicle, Cowley deserves much of the credit for making readers aware of the way in which Faulkner was creating a fictive world on a scale grander than that of any novelist since Balzac. William Faulkner died in Oxford, Mississippi, in 1962. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from The Sound and the Fury
… (more)
Disambiguation Notice

This is not the same person as William Falkner (d. 1682), English theologian. Do not combine the two.

The Sound and the Fury 15,501 copies, 209 reviews
As I Lay Dying 13,332 copies, 195 reviews
Light in August 8,383 copies, 97 reviews
Absalom, Absalom! 6,947 copies, 100 reviews
Sanctuary 3,373 copies, 36 reviews
Go Down, Moses 3,011 copies, 34 reviews
The Reivers 2,081 copies, 25 reviews
Intruder in the Dust 1,889 copies, 29 reviews
The Unvanquished 1,767 copies, 14 reviews
The Hamlet 1,639 copies, 13 reviews
The Wild Palms 1,181 copies, 14 reviews
A Fable 754 copies, 8 reviews
The Town (Author) 640 copies, 4 reviews
The Mansion (Author) 624 copies, 2 reviews
Soldiers' Pay 608 copies, 11 reviews
Sartoris 565 copies, 4 reviews
Requiem for a Nun 564 copies, 2 reviews
Mosquitoes 497 copies, 9 reviews
Pylon 470 copies, 6 reviews
Knight's Gambit 416 copies, 5 reviews
Flags in the Dust (Author) 374 copies, 10 reviews
The Portable Faulkner (Author) 262 copies, 4 reviews
The Big Sleep [1946 film] (Screenwriter) 222 copies, 5 reviews
Big Woods: The Hunting Stories 176 copies, 2 reviews
A Rose for Emily {Tale Blazers} 153 copies, 4 reviews
The Wishing Tree 139 copies, 4 reviews
Sanctuary and Requiem for a Nun (Author) 115 copies, 1 review
The Bear 114 copies, 3 reviews
These Thirteen 65 copies
The Old Man 62 copies, 5 reviews
Barn Burning 50 copies
Mayday 35 copies
Father Abraham 27 copies
A Rose for Emily {book} 24 copies, 1 review
Faulkner : Oeuvres romanesques, tome 1 (Author) 22 copies, 1 review
Dry September 22 copies, 12 reviews
Una rosa per Emily (Author) 15 copies, 1 review
Barn Burning {story} (Author) 14 copies
The William Faulkner Audio Collection (Author) 13 copies, 1 review
The Essential Faulkner (Author) 13 copies, 1 review
A Green Bough 12 copies
Stories from six authors (Contributor) 10 copies, 1 review
The Marionettes 10 copies
Barn Burning and Other Stories (Author) 10 copies, 1 review
That Evening Sun {story} 10 copies, 1 review
Red Leaves: Stories (Author) 10 copies, 1 review
Noveller 9 copies
Sanctuary / Light in August (Author) 8 copies, 1 review
Spotted Horses 8 copies, 1 review
Privacy 8 copies
Land of the Pharaohs [1955 film] (Screenwriter) 8 copies, 1 review
Turnabout 8 copies
Two Soldiers 7 copies
Wash 6 copies
Lo! 6 copies
Rose for Emily and Wash (Author) 5 copies
romanzi 5 copies
Red Leaves {story} (Author) 4 copies
2 3 copies
Mirrors of Chartres Street 3 copies, 1 review
Nouvelles 3 copies
The Broach 3 copies
Stary 3 copies
Honor 3 copies
A Bear Hunt 3 copies
A Justice 3 copies
Salmagundi 2 copies
Faulkner 2 copies
Evangeline (Author) 2 copies
Elly 2 copies
The Tall Men 2 copies
Crevasse 2 copies
Golden Land 2 copies
Mistral 2 copies
A Courtship 2 copies
Death Drag 2 copies
Victory 2 copies
Fox Hunt 2 copies
Beyond 2 copies
Carcassonne (Author) 2 copies
The Leg 2 copies
Hair 2 copies
Mississippi 2 copies
Tomorrow 2 copies
Ad Astra 2 copies
Strange Love 2 copies
Koy 1 copy
Duman 1 copy
Mektuplar 1 copy
2003 1 copy
A Aldeia 1 copy
The Hound 1 copy
The Waifs 1 copy
Elmer 1 copy
Amerikaanse verhalen (Contributor) 1 copy
Opere 1 copy
The Hill 1 copy
The Best American Short Stories of the Century (Contributor) 1,456 copies, 9 reviews
50 Great Short Stories (Contributor) 1,053 copies, 8 reviews
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (Contributor, some editions) 846 copies, 6 reviews
My Mistress's Sparrow Is Dead (Contributor) 715 copies, 19 reviews
The Oxford Book of American Short Stories (Contributor) 674 copies, 2 reviews
The Dark Descent (Contributor) 598 copies, 14 reviews
Short Story Masterpieces (Contributor) 596 copies, 4 reviews
The Oxford Book of Gothic Tales (Contributor) 491 copies, 6 reviews
The Oxford Book of Short Stories (Contributor) 456 copies, 3 reviews
Great American Short Stories (Contributor) 428 copies, 2 reviews
The Best American Mystery Stories of the Century (Contributor) 410 copies, 6 reviews
American Gothic Tales (Contributor) 401 copies, 5 reviews
Fifty Great American Short Stories (Contributor) 380 copies, 4 reviews
Best Short Stories of the Modern Age (Contributor, some editions) 310 copies, 4 reviews
Americans in Paris: A Literary Anthology (Contributor) 271 copies, 3 reviews
A Treasury of Short Stories (Contributor) 266 copies
Six Great Modern Short Novels (Contributor) 256 copies, 2 reviews
100 Years of The Best American Short Stories (Contributor) 214 copies, 4 reviews
Arbor House Treasury of horror and the supernatural (Contributor) 173 copies, 1 review
The Penguin Book of American Short Stories (Contributor) 169 copies, 1 review
This Is My Best (Contributor) 161 copies
Sixteen Short Novels (Contributor) 160 copies
To Have and Have Not [1944 film] (Writer, some editions) 140 copies, 9 reviews
Murder & Other Acts of Literature (Contributor) 135 copies, 1 review
The Penguin Book of Horror Stories (Contributor) 128 copies, 2 reviews
The Saturday Evening Post Treasury (Contributor) 117 copies
The Signet Classic Book of Southern Short Stories (Contributor) 111 copies, 1 review
Magical Realist Fiction: An Anthology (Contributor) 97 copies, 1 review
Great Modern Reading (Contributor) 91 copies, 3 reviews
More Stories to Remember, Volume II (Contributor) 87 copies, 1 review
American Short Stories (Contributor, some editions) 79 copies
The Medusa In The Shield (Dark Descent) (Contributor) 61 copies, 1 review
A Treasury of Civil War Stories (Contributor) 59 copies
Great Stories by Nobel Prize Winners (Contributor) 57 copies, 1 review
65 Great Tales of Horror (Contributor) 51 copies
Gunga Din [1939 film] (Contributor) 49 copies, 1 review
Eleven Modern Short Novels (Contributor) 48 copies, 1 review
The Penguin Classic Crime Omnibus (Contributor) 48 copies
Reading for Pleasure (Contributor) 46 copies
The Experience of the American Woman (Contributor) 45 copies
The edge of the chair; [anthology] (Contributor) 40 copies, 1 review
The Oxford Book of Sea Stories (Contributor) 38 copies, 1 review
The Long, Hot Summer [1958 film] (Original stories) 36 copies
The Lucifer Society (Contributor) 35 copies, 1 review
Southern Dogs and Their People (Contributor) 35 copies
Tales of Terror (Contributor) 33 copies, 1 review
The Vintage Book of Classic Crime (Contributor) 29 copies
Ten Modern Short Novels (Contributor) 24 copies
Short Stories of the Sea (Contributor) 23 copies
Tales of Dungeons and Dragons (Contributor) 21 copies
The Best Horror Stories (Contributor; Contributor) 19 copies
A Treasury of Sea Stories (Contributor) 16 copies
Nine Short Novels (Contributor) 16 copies
Short stories II (Literary Heritage) (Contributor) 16 copies
The Best American Short Stories 1966 (Contributor) 15 copies
Nobel Writers on Writing (Contributor) 14 copies
All verdens fortellere (Author, some editions) 13 copies, 1 review
Mississippi Writers: An Anthology (Contributor) 13 copies
31 Stories (Contributor) 12 copies, 2 reviews
A New Southern Harvest (Contributor) 9 copies
Air Force [1943 film] (Screenwriter) 8 copies, 1 review
Fiction Goes to Court (Contributor) 7 copies
Strange Desires (Contributor) 5 copies
Twenty-Three Modern Stories (Contributor) 4 copies
Daughters of Eve (Contributor) 3 copies
Breakdown and Other Thrillers (Contributor) 3 copies
Best Crime Stories (Contributor) 3 copies
Strange Barriers (Contributor) 2 copies
A Magnum of Mysteries (Contributor) 2 copies
Sanctuary [1961 film] (Original novel) 1 copy

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Short biography
William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was an American writer and Nobel Prize laureate from Oxford, Mississippi. Faulkner wrote novels, short stories, screenplays, poetry, essays, and a play. He is primarily known for his novels and short stories set in the fictional Yoknapatawpha County, based on Lafayette County, Mississippi, where he spent most of his life.

Faulkner is one of the most celebrated writers in American literature generally and Southern literature specifically. Though his work was published as early as 1919 and largely during the 1920s and 1930s, Faulkner's renown reached its peak upon the publication of Malcolm Cowley's The Portable Faulkner and his 1949 Nobel Prize in Literature, making him the only Mississippi-born Nobel winner. Two of his works, A Fable (1954) and his last novel The Reivers (1962), each won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. In 1998, the Modern Library ranked his 1929 novel The Sound and the Fury sixth on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century; also on the list were As I Lay Dying (1930) and Light in August (1932). Absalom, Absalom! (1936) appears on similar lists.
Disambiguation notice
This is not the same person as William Falkner (d. 1682), English theologian. Do not combine the two.

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