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Notes from Underground (1864)

by Fyodor Dostoevsky, Fiódor Dostoyevski (Author)

Other authors: See the other authors section.

MembersReviewsPopularityAverage ratingConversations / Mentions
10,660135498 (4.06)1 / 350
A predecessor to such monumental works such as Crime and Punishment and The Brothers Karamazov, Notes From Underground represents a turning point in Dostoyevsky's writing towards the more political side. In this work we follow the unnamed narrator of the story, who disillusioned by the oppression and corruption of the society in which he lives withdraws from that society into the underground. A dark and politically charged novel, 'Notes From Underground' shows Dostoyevsky at his best.… (more)
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English (121)  Dutch (3)  Swedish (3)  Italian (3)  Spanish (3)  French (1)  Portuguese (Brazil) (1)  All languages (135)
Showing 1-5 of 121 (next | show all)
Although the first part meanders a bit too much for my liking, I found "Notes from the Underground" to be an ultimately relatable and insightful experience. To find so many of my own "unconventional" thoughts mirrored in a character completely different from myself prompted a series of self-reflections that haven't stopped yet. Also, the more I think about the ending, the harder it hits. ( )
  yuef3i | Sep 19, 2021 |
Nosso narrador anônimo é um homem amargo e misantrópico que vive sozinho em São Petersburgo, na Rússia, na década de 1860. Ele é um veterano do serviço público russo que recentemente se aposentou porque herdou algum dinheiro. O romance consiste nas "notas" que o homem escreve, um conjunto confuso e muitas vezes contraditório de memórias ou confissões que descrevem e explicam sua alienação da sociedade moderna.
São divididas em duas seções. A primeira, do subsolo, é mais curta e ambientada na década de 1860, quando o homem tem quarenta anos. Esta seção serve como uma introdução ao caráter deste homem subterrâneo, explicando suas teorias sobre sua posição antagônica em relação à sociedade.
As primeiras palavras que ouvimos do nos dizem que ele é um homem doente cuja auto aversão e despeito o aleijaram e o corromperam. Ele é um homem bem lido e altamente inteligente, e acredita que esse fato é responsável por sua miséria. O homem do subterrâneo explica que, na sociedade moderna, todos os homens conscientes e instruídos devem ser tão infelizes quanto ele. Ele ficou desiludido com toda a filosofia. Ele aprecia a sublime e romântica ideia de "o belo e o sublime", mas está ciente de seu absurdo no contexto de sua existência mundana.
O homem subterrâneo tem grande desprezo pelo utilitarismo do século XIX, uma escola de pensamento que tentou usar fórmulas matemáticas e provas lógicas para alinhar os desejos do homem com seus melhores interesses. Ele reclama que o principal desejo do homem é exercer seu livre arbítrio, seja ou não do seu interesse. Em face do utilitarismo, o homem fará coisas desagradáveis ​​e improdutivas simplesmente para provar que seu livre arbítrio é imprevisível e, portanto, completamente livre. Essa afirmação explica parcialmente a insistência do homem do subterrâneo de que ele sente prazer em suas próprias dores de dente ou dores de fígado: esse prazer na dor é uma maneira de cuspir a previsibilidade confortável da vida na sociedade moderna, que aceita sem dúvida o valor de procurar o médico. Ele não se orgulha de todo esse comportamento inútil, no entanto. Ele tem um enorme desprezo por si mesmo como ser humano. Ele sabe que é tão dominado pela inércia que não pode nem se tornar mau o suficiente para ser um canalha, ou insignificante o suficiente para ser um inseto ou preguiçoso o suficiente para ser um verdadeiro preguiçoso.
O segundo fragmento do livro, intitulado "A propósito da neve molhada", descreve eventos específicos na vida do homem subterrâneo na década de 1840, quando ele tinha 24 anos. De certo modo, esta seção serve como uma ilustração prática das ideias mais abstratas que ele apresenta na primeira seção.
Esta segunda seção revela a progressão do narrador de sua perspectiva juvenil, influenciada pelo romantismo e pelos ideais do "belo e sublime", para sua perspectiva madura em 1860, que é puramente cínica sobre a beleza e a grandiosidade em geral.
“A propósito da neve molhada” descreve as interações entre o homem subterrâneo e várias pessoas que habitam seu mundo: soldados, ex-colegas de escola e prostitutas. O homem subterrâneo está tão alienado dessas pessoas que é completamente incapaz de interagir normalmente com elas. Ele os trata com uma mistura de nojo e medo que resulta em seu próprio apagamento ou humilhação, que por sua vez resulta em remorso e aversão a si próprio.
Um livro pesado e profundo. ( )
  Marcos_Augusto | Sep 17, 2021 |
I've had this on my TBR for just over a year and I bought it because Crime & Punishment is a book which I still think about now, even though I read it almost 2 years ago. Although I had a bit of a hard time reading it I ended up giving it a 3 star rating because of the lasting impression it made on me. It didn't strike me as amazing but yet I couldn't get it out of my head. Notes from Underground is a short, novella length book so I knew that even if I had a hard time reading it, it would be short enough to get through quickly.

The book is split into two main parts with the first part being a collection of thoughts from the 'Underground Man'. There is no story or plot to this section and there are a lot of ideas introduced which are covered in a bit more depth later in the book. We never find out the name of the Underground Man but the book is lived in his head and from his viewpoint. For some reason I just couldn't on with this part of the book and I almost put it aside for another time. I found it pretty hard to get through and I found myself having to re-reading the same page over and over again.

However, I stuck with it and the second part is the story which has an actual plot and characters. This part I got on with far better. None of the characters are particularly developed but I wouldn't expect them to be because of the length of the book. We still get to see what is going on inside Underground Man's head but this time at a much more relaxed pace.

In the end I have jumped between 2 and 3 stars a few times. Although I really didn't get on with the first part, the second part has had me thinking a lot since I finished the book. I have decided to go with 3 because of this. ( )
  Brian. | Jul 24, 2021 |
This isn't an enjoyable book, but it's obvious why it's a classic. However, if you read it in the voice of Milton from Office Space, it becomes vastly more entertaining (which is probably insulting to fans of Russian literature). ( )
  octal | Jan 1, 2021 |
This is an amazing monologue by a protagonist we all have so much in common with. Only, in this novel, all the things we share with the narrator are precisely the things we are not proud of, don't want to acknowledge or don't even understand.

Dostoyevsky wonderfully describes the all too human desire to sometimes wreak havoc upon ourselves, fully understanding that our choices are the wrong ones and even more revelling in the knowledge that we will feel debauched and guilty afterwards. If not pure free will, then what is it that leads us to these desires? A rather beautiful way of putting it, isn't it? :-)

In the paradoxalist main character, self-awareness and intelligence lead to passiveness and self-loathing. This is a man that cannot love himself and therefore not love anyone or anything else. I think Dostoyevsky might have meant this as a warning to all his readers. ( )
  bbbart | Dec 27, 2020 |
Showing 1-5 of 121 (next | show all)

» Add other authors (156 possible)

Author nameRoleType of authorWork?Status
Dostoevsky, Fyodorprimary authorall editionsconfirmed
Dostoyevski, FiódorAuthormain authorall editionsconfirmed
Adrian, EsaTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Aplin, HughTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Appelbaum, StanleyEditorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Cansinos Assens, RafaelTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Coulson, JessieTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Dekker, PietTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
FitzLyon, KyrilTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Garnett, ConstanceTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Geier, SwetlanaÜbersetzersecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Ginsburg, MirraTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Ginzburg, LeoneContributorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Guidall, GeorgeNarratorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Hughes, JennyTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Ingold, Felix PhilippTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Kallama, ValtoTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Kennedy, Paul E.Cover designersecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
López-Morillas, JuanTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Lönnqvist, BarbaraTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Pacini, GianlorenzoEditorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Pacini, GianlorenzoTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Pevear, RichardTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Polledro, AlfredoTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Praag, S. vanTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Randall, NatashaTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Roseen, UllaTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Self, WillForewordsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Smith, PhilipEditorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Steiner, GeorgeForewordsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
Volokhonsky, LarissaTranslatorsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed

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I am a sick man. ... I am a spiteful man.
I am a sick man... I am a wicked man.
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"I wished to stifle with external sensations all that was ceaselessly boiling up inside me."
"...because for a woman it is in love that all resurrection, all salvation from ruin of whatever sort, and all regenerations consists, nor can it reveal itself in anything but this."
"Leave us to ourselves without a book and we'll immediately get confused, lost -- we won't know what to join, what to hold to, what to love and what to hate, what to respect and what to despise."
At home, I merely used to read. Reading stirred, delighted, and tormented me.
It is impossible for an intelligent man seriously to become anything, and only fools become something.
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A predecessor to such monumental works such as Crime and Punishment and The Brothers Karamazov, Notes From Underground represents a turning point in Dostoyevsky's writing towards the more political side. In this work we follow the unnamed narrator of the story, who disillusioned by the oppression and corruption of the society in which he lives withdraws from that society into the underground. A dark and politically charged novel, 'Notes From Underground' shows Dostoyevsky at his best.

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Nella prima parte, "Il sottosuolo", il protagonista racconta la sua infanzia e la formazione della personalità più nascosta (il sottosuolo per l'appunto). Nella seconda, "A proposito della neve fradicia", ripercorre alcuni episodi della sua vita dove più emerge il "sottosuolo". Segue alcuni compagni di scuola ad una cena, sfoga poi l'amarezza per le offese subite su Liza, una prostituta incontrata in una casa di tolleranza, mostrandole con durezza che cosa l'aspetta nel futuro. Dopo qualche giorno Liza ritorna da lui col desiderio di una vita pura, ma viene trattata con disprezzo e volgarità. Per umiliarla le mette in mano un biglietto da cinque rubli, che poi ritroverà sul suo tavolo quando la donna se ne sarà andata, testimonianza della grande dignità di Liza.
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Penguin Australia

3 editions of this book were published by Penguin Australia.

Editions: 0451529553, 0141024917, 0141194863

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Editions: 1907832475, 1907832483, 1907832491

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